Today I will give a quick breakdown for stems, also known as:
- WAV Separation or Track Separation
- Tracked-Out WAVs or Tracked-Out Files
- Individual WAVs
- Separated Tracks or Separated WAVs
When you buy instrumental beats online, you usually get an option to buy more expensive lease with trackouts (information about leases is here ). What does track-outs mean and why is that important?
Musical composition consists from basic elements :
(you probably already know that, but)
- melody instruments (synthesizers, piano keys, brass sections and so on)
- special effects
Track separation is when you got every single individual sound in a beat as its own separate file. So, instead of having 1 file of instrumental, you will have 5 or more (depends of beat) audio files, all of the same length, and each would include only one single instrument or sound.
Its impossible to separate instruments if you have only one file, but is very easy to join pre-mixed tracks together in any DAW software.
Why having trackouts is important.
Main advantage is ability to mix better and edit instrumental to your needs.
Because it is only one single mixed file, you and your mixing engineer do not have the ability to change the volume, panning, or EQ of any single instrument in the beat. Also, you can’t mute or delete any parts you don’t need, for example remove hihats from verse part.
But when you have stems, your mixing engineer has the ability to do this. He can move any sound, process any sound, add fx on any instrument. In other words track separation gives the full control needed to make your song sound the best that it can.
This is how stems look in DAW
Should I choose tracked-out option when I buy a beat?
Yes, that’s the big question always asked.
The answer is depending on your needs.
If you are a serious artist who is looking for the absolute control and best sound out of your music, then trackout option is a must have. If you really need your music to sound the best that it can, then you should absolutely purchase it.
However, if you are just releasing a mixtape, or just creating a song for fun and are not too serious, then you can save money and buy regular lease. Its still possible to create a nice sounding song without trackouts.Jun 042017
When searching for instrumental beats online, many users dont know what is difference between:
- Non-exclusive beat licence , also known as lease
- Exclusive beat licence
Leasing rights give the music artist a certain amount of commercial or non-commercial uses. Producers usually put restrictions on leases such as
- Given amount or commercial and non-commercial uses. Once it runs out, the customer would need to buy another lease for the same beat. Its usually set from 1000 to 5000.
- License duration. Customer may only use his license within given duration from the date of purchase. Usually 1-2 years.
- Restrictions. Sometimes you cant use instrumental for live performances, synchronization rights (needed for Radio, advertisement, film, TV, YouTube, video games, etc.
Another thing about leasing is that the producer can sell the beat to multiple artists, as long as nobody buys the exclusive rights to it.
Exclusive beat licence
Exclusive rights, on another side, will only be sold once to a single music artist. Producer cann’t sell the same beat anymore, but persons who bought leases before still got their rights (and restrictions).
When you buy exclusive beat license you usually get unlimited use and duration, and also all live performance and synchronization rights. Also, you get best quality files possible – usually uncompressed WAV audio stems.
Main advantage of lease is price. Its much cheaper for the artist and its probably best for first mixtapes, when you just starting out and dont want to spend much money.
Usually, you wouldn’t want to lease a beat for albums; it would make much more sense to buy the exclusive rights because you don’t want to hear another rapper have your beat in their album too.
An exclusive beat will be more expensive in price because the artist gets full ownership, but if you are serious about your career you need to invest in yourself because of all benefits in the long run.